Deep Vein Thrombosis

What is Deep Vein Thrombosis?

Deep vein thrombosis, also known as DVT, is a condition where blood clots (thrombus) form in a deep vein.  The condition typically affects the veins of the legs, as well as the deep veins found in the pelvic region.  Rarely, the veins of the arms can be affected.

Deep Vein ThrombosisIn some cases, there are no symptoms reported with a deep vein thrombosis, however others find the area of the body that is affected will be quite tender, red, warm, swollen, and the veins may appear to be enlarged.  DVTs can also dislodge, causing the clot to travel to the lungs, which is a condition known as a pulmonary embolism.  Since this condition can be quite serious, all potential DVT cases should be treated as an emergency and medical attention should be administered promptly.  DVTs to the lower extremities that remain untreated have an approximate three percent rate of mortality.

There are considered to be three main reasons behind the formation of deep vein thrombosis.   These include:  a decreased rate of blood flow, an increase in the blood’s clotting properties, and damage that occurs to the blood vessels.  There are also a number of medical conditions that can lead to the condition such as cancer, trauma, infections, inflammatory diseases, stroke, compression of the veins, nephritic syndrome, and heart problems.  DVT risk can also be increased by medical procedures such as surgery, certain medications, hospitalization, and immobilization such as is the case when casts are needed.  Women also have an increased risk of DVT during pregnancy and following the birth process.

Unfortunately, the most common cause of the formation of deep vein thrombosis is due to a recent hospitalization or surgical procedure.  Of these cases, forty percent of patients could have avoided the issue if they had received preventative measures such as the administration of heparin.

An inferior vena cava filter (also known as an IVC filter) is some times inserted into the vein due to deep vein thrombosis.  Unfortunately, some of these filters have been known to fracture and/or migrate, causing major, if not deadly, injuries.  If you or someone you know has received a defective Bard IVC filter, especially following a medical procedure or a hospitalization, you should speak with an experienced IVC filter attorney promptly to find out your legal rights.  These professionals are quite skilled in this area of the law and can efficiently evaluate your case and help you receive any compensation you may be owed.